内/外 Interior/Exterior

建筑把两个不容易调和的任务结合在起。一方面,它必须提供一个庇护所,保护它的居住者免受外部不受欢迎的外部力量的影响,并且给它们提供一个适意的内部环境。另一方面,它必须创造一个外部,在物质上适合于它的功能、给人留下深刻的视觉印象、有魅力或有威慑力、有教益等。

鲁道夫·阿恩海姆 Rudolf Arnheim

室内和室外的概念不一定与那些覆盖和未覆盖的概念联系在一起。人类倾向于以自我为中心的方式来考虑环境。柏格森著名的“ 此时此地 ”概念暗示了无论你身在何处,内心都是存在的。当我们在城里或花园里时,我们把它们当作室内装饰。反之,内部通过室外限定要素的存在而获得外部的氛围。

建筑师使用并置和相互渗透的方法来调节内外关系,并将过渡清晰地表达为内-外、人-自然、私人-公共、元素-环境……他建立了属于两者的过渡的中间地带。

Notions of interior and exterior are not necessarily linked to those of covered and uncovered. Human beings are inclined to consider the environment in an egocentric manner. The famous notion of Bergson ‘hic et nunc (here and now) suggests an interior wherever you are. When we are in town or in a garden, we consider them as interiors. Conversely the interior acquires its intensity by the presence of limits relative to an exterior. 

The architect uses methods of juxtaposition and interpenetration to regulate interior-exterior relationships and to articulate transitions as inside-outside, man-nature, privatepublic, element-context… He establishes intermediary zones of transition which belong to both.

Elements of Architecture:From Form to Place

之间的领域 In-Between

柯布西耶 构图四则