天花板 Ceiling

天花板是地板的对应物。与屋顶一起,它是实用的,因为它的作用是提供庇护和建筑的必需品。但天花板可能具有更多的形而上学意义。由于离得很远,而且常常遥不可及,所以这里是最受欢迎的粉刷、壁画、马赛克的地方,一种表达梦想、理想和神圣的方式。涂鸦是一种自发的表达方式,很少在天花板上出现。在二十世纪的先驱建筑师中,很少有人能赋予天花板以其潜在的崇高作用。当它被小心处理时,通常是通过一个美丽的结构的美学效果:暴露的框架。很少有人像阿尔瓦·阿尔托那样,总是认可天花板设计的重要性:阿尔托的天花板赋予空间以意义。

The ceiling is the floor’s counterpart. Together with the roof it is pragmatic, due to the role of giving shelter and to the necessities of construction. But the ceiling may accept more metaphysical meanings. Being far removed and most often out of reach, it is the favourite place for stuccos, frescos, mosaics – a means of expression of dreams, ideals, the sacred. Graffiti – which are a spontaneous means of expression – are rarely found on ceilings. Amongst the pioneer architects of the twentieth century, there are very few who have bestowed upon the ceiling the sublime role of which it is potentially capable. When it is treated with care it is usually through the aesthetic effect of a beautiful structure: the exposed frame.Rare are those who, like Alvar Aalto, have always subscribed to the importance of a ‘ceiling design’: Aalto’s ceilings give meaning to space.

Elements of Architecture:From Form to Place
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