建筑的形式︱变形操作

FORM︱TRANSFORMATION OF FORM

All other forms can be understood to be transformations of the primary solids, variations which are generated by the manipulation of one or more dimensions or by the addition or subtraction of elements.

拉伸变形

Dimensional Transformation of a Cube into a Vertical Slab

马赛公寓 Unité d’Habitation, Firminy-Vert, France, 1963–68, Le Corbusier

椭圆形教堂平面 弗朗西斯科·博洛米尼 Plan of an Elliptical Church, Pensiero Della Chiesa S. Carlo, Project,
17th century, Francesco Borromini

圣皮埃尔教堂 菲米尼 St. Pierre, Firminy-Vert, France, 1965, Le Corbusier

雅哈拉俱乐部 赖特 Project for Yahara Boat Club, Madison, Wisconsin, 1902, Frank Lloyd Wright

挖出虚空

Subtractive Transformation Creating Volumes of Space

Spatial volumes may be subtracted from a form to create recessed entrances, positive courtyard spaces, or window openings shaded by the vertical and horizontal surfaces of the recess.

格瓦斯梅住宅 Gwathmey Residence, Amagensett, New York, 1967, Charles Gwathmey/Gwathmey Siegel

斯台比尔住宅 马里奥博塔 House at Stabio, Switzerland, 1981, Mario Botta

法老王的国库 佩特拉 Khasneh al Faroun, Petra, 1st century A.D.

高曼住宅 Gorman Residence, Amagansett, New York, 1968, Julian and Barbara Neski

舒特汉别墅 Shodhan House, Ahmedabad, India, 1956, Le Corbusier

本纳塞拉夫住宅加建 格雷福斯 Benacerraf House Addition, Princeton, New Jersey, 1969, Michael Graves

附加形式

Additive Transformation of a Parent Form by the Attachment of Subordinate Parts

伊尔·瑞登托 帕拉迪奥 Il Redentore, Venice, 1577–92, Andrea Palladio

林伽拉贾庙 印度 Lingaraja Temple, Bhubaneshwar, India, c. A.D. 1100

建筑形式空间和秩序

Architecture form, space and order

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