路易斯康 Louis Kahn
Why must we assume that there cannot be other things so marvelous as the emergence of the first monastery, for which there was no precedence whatsoever? It was just simply that some man realized that a certain realm of spaces represents a deep desire on the part of man to express the inexpressible in a certain activity of man called monastery. It’s really nothing short of remarkable that a time comes in the history of man when something is established which everybody supports as though it were always eternally so.
And at this point it would be well to speak about the difference between the eternal and the universal. That which is universal is really just what deals with the physical. But that which is eternal is a kind of completely new essence that nonconscious nature does not understand or know about, whereas man is the conscious desire that exists in nature. And I believe that because of this dichotomy, nature will change because of the presence of man, because man is of dream, and what nature gives him as instrument is not enough. He wants much more.
Architecture is what nature can not make. Nature cannot make anything that man makes. Man takes nature—the means of making a thing—and isolates its laws. Nature does not do this because nature works in harmony of laws, which we call order. It never works in isolation. But man works with this isolation, so whatever he makes is really quite minor, you might say, compared to what is really wanting to be expressed by the desire and the spirit of man. Man is always greater than his works. He could never, with his instrumentation, bring out that which is completely full.
I felt very religiously attached to the idea of belief because I realized that many things are done with only the reality of the means employed, with no belief behind it. The whole reality isn’t there without the reality of belief. When men do large redevelopment projects, theres no belief behind them. The means are available, even the design devices that make them look beautiful, but theres nothing that you feel is somehow a light which shines on the emergence of a new institution of man, which makes him feel a re-freshed will to live. This comes from meaning being answerable to a belief, Such a feeling must be back in it, not just to make something which is pleasant instead of something which is dull: that is no great achievement.
And another thing I feel very strongly: that if a belief always carries with it a great deal of sophistication, I’m afraid it’s the limited interpretation of it: one does not know so much about the belief as to make it always fully aware and beautiful. One has to sort of sense it must exist first, and at best it must be called at later times archaic- something which didnt quite express itself in all its beauty, but had such power of existence that others did not change its spirit but worked toward its emergence in beauty. And I believe that beauty somehow sits in that light of being something we work toward It’s selectivity. It’s something which has to do with a completeness of the harmony of a presence.