路易斯康 Louis Kahn
The spaces are enclosed by window rooms 20-foot in diameter connected by walled passages. These window room elements have glazed openings on one exterior side and larger, unglazed arched openings facing the interior. These rooms of light surrounding the Synagogue chamber serve as an ambulatory and are the high places for women. These window rooms prevail in the composition of the entrance and the chapel across the way. In the community building light is given to the interior by exterior roofless rooms born out of the same idea which, incidentally, gave rise to the plan at Dacca.
The windows on the outside do not support the building; what supports the building, as you can see on the plan, are the spaces between the windows. The windows could never be a support because of their shape. I chose to support the roof between the windows where a clear definition can be made between a column, a beam and a wall. A column means a beam, a wall says multitude of beams or a slab. They’re different things.
A space can never reach its place in architecture without natural light. Artificial light is the light of night expressed in positioned chandeliers, not to be compared with the unpredictable play of natural light… Architecture deals with spaces. The architectural space is one where the structure is apparent in the space itself. A long span is a great effort that should not be dissipated by division within it. The art of architecture has wonderful examples of spaces, but without deception. A wall dividing a domed space would negate the entire spirit of the dome.the structure is design in light. The vault, the dome, the arch, the column are structures related to the character of light. Natural light gives mood by space, by the nuances of light in the time of day and seasons of the year as it enters and modifies the space.
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